Ways to reduce costs Ramil Suleymanov, General Director of the logistics group of "ART Delivery" companies,
explains how to minimize the impact of risks on business development citing examples of world practices. Quotas for international cargo transportation.
International cargo transportation is regulated by international agreements. To protect the interests of national carriers, each country sets its own annual quotas — permission for a certain number of cargo transportation. Due to a lack of quotas for transportation, delivery times may be disrupted leading to increased costs.
When planning deliveries, it is important for logisticians to take into account the number of quotas and provide for possible increase in costs; only then can the profitable economic efficiency of transactions can be achieved. Documents for customs clearance of goods.
For customs clearance and import of products to Russia, an impressive package of paperwork must be provided: declarations or certificates of compliance, classification details, fire certificates, and so on. However, if the certification center gets its license revoked, the customs will not allow the cargo to pass, even if the certificate is registered in the Rosreestr
There are often cases when the certificate did not cause any doubt to the controlling authorities during shipment, but turned out that the document was annulled during customs clearance process. It takes about 3-4 weeks to reissue a new permit, excluding delivery of product samples for testing.
Therefore, in international logistics, it is important to check whether the certification documents have been issued correctly, whether the certification center has passed accreditation, and how reliable it is. Force majeure and inability to transport.
Sometimes, for political reasons, due to threats to national security or the health of citizens, States cancel international air, rail, road or sea transport, close borders and customs terminals. These risks are usually stipulated in the terms of the contract.
The most recent example of force majeure is the COVID-19 pandemic, when many countries closed borders and restricted transport links. In such a situation, it is impossible to fulfill the terms of the contract. In the event of force majeure, a way out of a difficult situation should be sought through negotiations with the foreign trade partner to review the terms and conditions of deliveries, providing loans and payment by installments.